Deniz İNNAL, Duygu Ceren ÇAĞLAN, Filiz ÖZDEMİR


This study describes the fish species composition and their length-weight relationships from Onaç Creek (Burdur-Turkey). A total of 498 individuals representing 5 fish species were caught by electro shocking techniques from May 2013 to June 2015. Fish species distributed among 5 genera and 3 families were identified. Cyprinidae was the most abundant family in terms of species number. Cyprinidae species comprised 350 (70.28%) of 498 specimens. Non indigenous fish species represent the highest abundance (98%). Topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva was the most frequently captured species (43.57%), followed by Eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki (28.92%) and Gibel carp Carassius gibelio (25.5%). The length-weight relationships for Gibel carp, Topmouth gudgeon and Eastern mosquitofish populations was as follows W = 0.0097 TL3.187, W = 0.0061 TL 3.26 and W = 0.0083 TL 2.995.


Non indigenous, invasive, dominancy, threats, endemic

Full Text:



Alagoz-Erguden S., Erguden D. 2008. A preliminary research on growth feature of the mosquitofish Gambussia affinis (Baird and Girard, 1853) determined in Seyhan Dam Lake (Adana-Turkey). Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2 (3): 312-320. (in Turkish)

Alagoz-Erguden S., Goksu M.Z.L. 2009. Length-weight relationships for 12 fish species caught in Seyhan Dam Lake in southern Anatolia, Adana, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25: 501-502.

Alagoz-Erguden S. 2012. Age, growth, sex ratio and diet of eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859 in Seyhan Dam Lake. Iran Journal of Fisheries Science, 12: 204-218.

Alagoz-Erguden S. 2015a. Age and growth properties of Prussian Carp, Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) living in the middle basin of Seyhan River in Adana, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 47(5): 1365-1371.

Alagoz-Erguden S. 2015b. Determination of condition factor and length-weight relationship of the Prucian Carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) inhabiting Seyhan Dam Lake. International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, 1(1): 157-166. (in Turkish)

Andreu-Soler A., Oliva-Paterna F.J., Torralva M. 2006. A review of length-weight relationships of fish from the Segura River basin (SE Iberian Peninsula). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22: 295–296.

Balık S. 1995. Freshwater fish in Anatolia, Turkey. Biological Conservation, 72: 213-223.

Balık S., Ustaoglu M.R. 2006. Fish introducing studies in lakes, ponds and reservoirs of Turkey and their results. I. Symposium on Management of Reservoirs and Fish Stocking, MARA, Mediterranean Fisheries, Production and Education Institute, pp: 1‐10. (in Turkish with English Summary)

Balık I., Ozkok R., Cubuk H., Uysal R. 2004. Investigation of some biological characteristics of the silver crucian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch 1782) population in Lake Eğirdir. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 28(1):19-28.

Bobori D.C., Moutopoulos D.K., Bekri M., Salvarina I., Munoz A.I.P. 2010. Length-weight relationships of freshwater fish species caught in three Greek lakes. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki, 14: 219-224.

Bostancı D., Polat N., Kandemir S., Yılmaz S. 2007. Length-weight relationship and condition factor of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in Bafra Balık Lake. Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Art and Science, Journal of Science, 2: 117-125. (in Turkish)

Britton J. R.,Davies G. D. 2007. Length–weight relationships of the invasive topmouth gudgeon (Pseudorasbora parva) in ten lakes in the UK. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23:624–626.

Bulut S., Mert R., Algan B., Ozbek M., Unal B., Konuk M. 2013. Several growth characteristics of an invasive cyprinid fish (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782). Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 5(2):133-138.

Cetinkaya O. 2006. Exotic and native fish species that introduced or stocked into Turkish waters, their impacts on aquaculture, fisheries, wild populations and aquatic ecosystems: A preliminary study on constructing a database (In Turkish with English Summary). Symposium on Management of Reservoirs and Fish Stocking, MARA, Mediterranean Fisheries, Production and Education Institute, pp: 205‐235.

Cınar S., Cubuk H., Ozkok R., Tumgelir L., Cetinkaya S., Erol K.G., Ceylan M. 2007. Beyşehir Gölü'ndeki gümüşi havuz balığı (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) populasyonunun büyüme özellikleri. Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 3-5(5-8): 401-409.

Cicek E., Sungur Birecikligil S., Fricke R. 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey: A revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologist, 9 (2): 141-157.

Demirsoy A. 2002. General Zoogeography and Turkish Zoogeography. Meteksan publishing, Ankara. (in Turkish)

Dulcic J., Glamuzina B. 2006. Length-weight relationships for selected fish species from three eastern Adriatic estuarine systems (Croatia). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22: 254-256.

Eagderi S., Radkhah A. 2015. Length-weight relationship and condition factor of mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in three inland basins of Iran. Poeciliid Research, 5 (1): 39-43.

Erdogan Z., Hatice T.K., Serkan G., Gulcin U. 2014. Age, growth and reproductive properties of an invasive species Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) (Cyprinidae) in the Ikizcetepeler Dam Lake (Balikesir), Turkey. Periodicum Biologorum, 116 (3):285-291.

Esmaeili H.R., Ebrahimi M. 2006. Length-weight relationships of some freshwater fishes of Iran. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4): 328-329.

Fan L.Q., Zhang X.J., Pan G. 2015. Length-weight and length-length relationships for nine fish species from Lhasa River Basin, Tibet, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31: 807-808.

Freyhof J., Ozulug M. 2006. Pseudophoxinus ninae, a new species from Central Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 17(3):255-259.

Freyhof, J. 2014. Pseudophoxinus ninae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T19449277A19849704. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.20141.RLTS.T19449277A19849704.en, Retrieved 18/06/ 2018.

Fricke R., Bilecenoglu M., Sari, H.M. 2007. Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostoma and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A (Biologie),706:1-172.

Froese R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22 :241-253.

Geldiay R., Balık S. 2007. Freshwater Fishes of Turkey. Ege University Faculty of Fisheries Publishing, No:46,İzmir, Turkey.(in Turkish)

Gheorghe D.C., Nica A., Cristea V., Răzlog G.P. 2012. Growth and mortality estamation parameters for the Prusian carp (Carassius gibelio, Bloch, 1782) population from Danube River (km 170-196). UASVM Iasi, Lucrări Științifice Journal, Seria Zootehnie, 57(17):164-169.

Gkenas C., Oikonomou A., Economou A., Kiosse F., Leonardos I. 2012. Life history pattern and feeding habits of the invasive mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki, in Lake Pamvotis (NW Greece). Journal of Biological Research, 17: 121-136.

Hasankhani M., Keivany Y., Daliri M., Pouladi M., Soofiani N.M. 2014. Length–weight and length–length relationships of four species (Barbus lacerta Heckel, 1843), Oxynoemacheilus angorae (Steindachner, 1897), Squalius lepidus (Heckel, 1843) and Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) from the Sirwan River (western Iran). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30(1): 206-207.

Huo T. B., Yuan M. Y., Jiang, Z. 2011. Length-weight relationships of 23 fish species from the Ergis River in Xingjiang, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27(3): 937-938.

Huo T.B.,Jiang Z.F., Karjan A.,Wang Z.C,Tang F.J.,Yuo H.X. 2012. Length- weight relationships of 16 fish species from the Tarim River, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28 :152-153.

Ilhan A., Balık S., Sarı H.M. 2014. Recent distributıon and conservation status of endemic freshwater fishes from central and western Anatolia. Istanbul University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 29(2): 9-34. (in Turkish)

Ilhan A.,Sarı H. M. 2015. Length-weight relationships of fish species in Marmara Lake, West Anatolia, Turkey. Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 73(1): 30-32.

Innal D., Erk’akan F. 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 16: 39-50.

Innal D. 2012. Age and growth properties of Carassius gibelio (Cyprinidae) living in Aksu River Estuary (Antalya-Turkey). Review of Hydrobiology, 5(2):97-109.

Kırankaya Ş.G., Ekmekci F.G. 2013. Life-history traits of the invasive population of Prussian Carp, Carassius gibelio (Actinopterigi: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae), from Gelingüllü Reservoir, Yozgat, Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria, 43(1): 31-40.

Kırankaya S.G.,Ekmekci F.G.,Yalcın-Ozdilek S.,Yogurtcuoglu B., Gencoglu, L. 2014. Condition, length–weight and length–length relationships for five species from Hirfanlı resevoir, Turkey. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 8: 208-213.

Kim, J.H., Yoon J.D., Won D.H., Byeon M.-S., Jang M.H. 2015. Length-weight relationships of 19 fish species from Saemangeum reservoir in South Korea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31: 951-953.

Kleanthidis P.K.,Sinis A.I., Stergiou K.I. 1999. Length-weight relationships of freshwater fishes in Greece. Naga, ICLARM Quarterly, 22(4): 37–41.

Kottelat M., Freyhof J. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. ISBN: 978-2-8399-0298-4., 646 p.

Koutrakis, E. T., Tsikliras A.C. 2003. Length–weight relationships of fishes from three northern Aegean estuarine systems (Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology,19: 258-260.

Kucuk F., Sarı H.M., Demir O., Gulle I. 2009. Review of the ichthyofaunal changes in Lake Eğirdir between 1915 and 2007. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33: 277-286.

Kucuk F., Gulle İ., İnnal D., Guclu S. S., 2016. Burdur ili balıkları: Biyoceşitlilik envanteri, populasyon ve habitat durumları, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Ünıversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 7(Ek Sayı 1): 232-239.

Leonardos I.D., Tsikliras A.C., Eleftheriou V., Cladas Y., Kagalou I., Chortatou R., Papigioti O. 2008 . Life history characteristics of an invasive cyprinid fish (Carassius gibelio) in Chimaditis Lake (northern Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24: 213-217.

Liu F.,Cao W., Wang J. 2014. Length-weight relationships of 77 fish species from the Chishui River, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30: 254-256.

Llewellyn L. 2011. Length-weight relationships of freshwater fish from the Murray-Darling River System in inland New South Wales, with particular reference to the golden perch Macquaria ambigua. Australian Zoologist, 35: 435 -457.

Mimeche F., Biche M. 2015. Length-weight relationships of four non-native cyprinid from the semiarid region in North-East of Algeria. AACL Bioflux, 8(1):82-88.

Moradinasab G.H., Daliri M., Ghorbani R.,Paighambari S.Y, Davoodi R. 2012. Length-weight and length-length relationships, Relative condition factor and Fulton’s condition factor of five cyprinid species in Anzali wetland, southwest of the Caspian Sea. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences (CJES), 10:25-31.

Ozkok R., Cubuk H., Tumgelir L., Uysal R., Cınar S., Kucukkara R., Erol G. K., Ceylan M. 2007. Growth features of silver crusian carp Carassius gibelio population in Lake Eğirdir. Turkish Journal of Aquatic Life, 3-5(5-8): 313-322. (in Turkish)

Ozturk S., Ikiz R. 2004. Some biological properties of mosquitofish populations (Gambusia affinis) living in inland waters of the western Mediterranean region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 28 :355-361.

Ozulug M., Acıpınar H., Gaygusuz O., Gursoy C., Tarkan A.S. 2005. Effects of human factor on the fish fauna in a drinking‐water resource (Omerli Dam Lake‐Istanbul, Turkey). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 1(1):50‐55.

Pauly D. 1984. Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: a manual for use with programmable calculators. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 8. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Philippines, Manila, pp: 325.

Petriki O., Gousia E., Bobori D.C. 2011.Weight-length relationships of 36 fish species from the River Strymon system (northern Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27(3):939-941.

Radkhah A., Eagderi S. 2015. Length-weight and length-length relationships and condition factor of six cyprinid fish species from Zarrineh River (Urmia Lake basin, Iran) Iran. Journal of Ichthyology, 2(1): 61-64.

Sac G., Okgerman H. 2015. Growth and reproduction of a non-native fish species Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) from Büyükçekmece Lake (İstanbul, Turkey). IUFS Journal of Biology, 74 (1): 1-12.

Sarı M.H., Balık S., Ustaoglu M.R., Ilhan A. 2008. Population structure, growth and mortality of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in Buldan Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8: 25-29.

Sası H., Balık S. 2003. Age, growth and sex ratio of chub (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758) in Topcam Dam Lake (Aydın).Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 20(3‐4): 503‐515.(in Turkish with Engilish Summary)

Sisli M.N. 1996. Ekoloji, Çevre Bilim, Yeni Fersa Publishing, Ankara, pp. 492. (in Turkish)

Sui, X.Y., Li X.Q., Sun H.Y., Chen Y.F. 2015. Length-weight relationship of 13 species from the Ili River, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31: 1155-1157.

Sungur Birecikligil S, Cicek E., Ozturk S., Secer B., Celepoglu Y. 2016. Length-length, length-weight relationship and condition factor of fishes in Nevşehir Province, Kızılırmak River Basin (Turkey), Acta Biologica Turcica, 29 (3):72-77.

Tang J.F., Ye S.W., Liu J.S., Zhang T.L., Zhu F.Y., Guo Z.Q., Li Z.J. 2013. Composition and length-weight relationships of fish species in Lake Erhai, southwestern China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 29: 1179-1182.

Tarkan A.S., Gaygusuz O., Acıpınar H.,Gursoy C.,Ozulug M. 2006. Length-weight relationship of fishes from the Marmara region (NW-Turkey). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22, 271-273.

Tarkan A. S.,Gaygusuz O., Ozulug M, Gursoy-Gaygusuz C., Sac G. 2009. Length–weight relationships of six freshwater fishes from the small creeks flowing into Lake Sapanca, NW Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25: 230-231.

Tesch, W., 1971. Age and growth. In: W.E. Ricker (Ed.). Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters, 2nd edn. İnternational Biological Programme, and Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford and Edinburg, UK. pp: 97-130.

Treer T., Matulic D., Bogdanovic G., Anicic I., Safner R., Piria M.et al. 2011. The condition of allochtonous fishes in the Mediterranean Vransko Lake. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27: 965-967.

Uysal R., Alp A., Yegen V., Apaydın Yagcı M., Cetinkaya S., Yagcı A., Bostan H., Cesur M., Kucukkara R. 2015. The growth properties of Prussian Carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) population in İznik Lake (Bursa/Turkey). Limnofish-Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 1(1):19-27. (in Turkish)

Verreycken H.G., Thuyne V., Belpaire C. 2011. Length-weight relationships of 40 freshwater fish species from two decades of monitoring in Flanders Belgium. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27(6):1416-1421.

Wang T, Wang H.S., Sun G.W., Huang D., Shen J.H. 2012. Length-weight and length-length relationships for some Yangtze River fishes in Tian-e-zhou Oxbow, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28: 660- 662.

Wootton R.J. 1998. Ecology of teleost fishes. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 396 p.

Xie J.Y., Kang Z.J., Yang J., Yang D.D. 2015. Length-weight relationships for 15 fish species from the Hunan Hupingshan National Nature Reserve in central China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31: 221-222.

Yazıcıoglu O., Yılmaz S., Yazıcı R., Polat N. 2013. Condition factor, length-weight and length-length relationships of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) in Ladik Lake (Samsun, Turkey). The Black Sea Journal of Sciences, 3: 72-80. (in Turkish)

Yegen V., Balık S.,Bostan H., Uysal R., Bilcen E. 2006. Göller bölgesindeki bazı göl ve baraj göllerinin balık faunalarının son durumu, 1. Ulusal Balıklandırma ve Rezervuar Yönetimi Sempozyumu, 7-9 Şubat 2006, Antalya. pp: 129-139.


  • There are currently no refbacks.