Ethnozoology: A Review

Melodi YENMİŞ, Dinçer AYAZ, Cemal Varol TOK

Abstract

Here we summarized the historical improvement of the terms ethnobiology and ethnozoology in general. The term ethnobiology was first used in 19th century as well as the term ethnozoology which was primarily used in 1899. However, relationships between people and their environment are as old as the history of men.  First, the interactions were simply utilitarian, like hunting, making clothes, faunal and floral derived medicines; but there were other kinds of use too, such as spiritual and magical handling. Anatolia has always had a great biodiversity and the civilizations that lived at this mainland were very different. History of Anatolia is full of different ethnobiological data. And human-fauna relationship is also a promising area for the researches. However, there are not many studies about the interactions of people and environment in Anatolia. Due to the lack of investigations, existence of flora and fauna in Anatolian culture is out of focus.

Keywords

Ethnobiology; Ethnozoology; Anatolia; Flora; Fauna; History

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