Spring Migration Phenology of Wheatear Species in Southern Turkey



Millions of birds migrate between breeding and wintering areas every year. Turkey has many important areas for migratory birds as stopover or wintering. The coastal line of the southern Turkey provides safety resting areas and rich opportunity for refueling. Boğazkent is one of the important area just coast line of the Mediterranean Sea and we studied the migration phenology and stopover durations of three Wheatear species: Northern wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe), Isabelline wheatear (Oenanthe isabellina) and Black-eared wheatear (Oenanthe hispanica). In the study, with this wheatear species Desert wheatear (Oenanthe deserti) and Finsch’s wheatear (Oenanthe finschii) also were captured. Birds were captured by using spring traps baited with mealworms, Tenebrio molitor, throughout the daylight period from the 1st of March to the 31st May both in 2009 and 2010. More northern wheatears use this site to stopover. As the spring migration of the Northern wheatear at study site takes two months, Isabelline wheatear and Black-eared wheatear have almost one-month migrations in southern Turkey after passing the Mediterranean Sea. On the other hand, timing of spring migration has differences between wheatear species.


Ecological barrier, Migration, Oenanthe spp., Phenology, Turkey, Wheatears

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