Diet composition and feeding features of common bream, Abramis brama (L., 1758) in Lake Ladik (Samsun)



In the present study, we analyzed the stomach contents of 230 Common bream, Abramis brama caught in the Lake Ladik to describe diet composition and feeding features. Also, differences in feeding features related to seasons and ages were examined. This study showed that A. brama is a generally omnivore, and its trophic spectrum was composed of 42 different food items. The main prey taxa in the diet of this species were Cladocera, Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta, respectively. Analysis of seasonal variations in stomach volume indicated that feeding intensity fluctuated throughout the year, and with the lowest during summer (Jun and Jully), corresponding to the spawning period.


Food items; Feeding habits; Abramis brama; Lake Ladik

Full Text:



Abdullayev, M. A., Istamova, V. I., & Khasanov, A. K. (1968). The carp-bream (Abramis brama bergi Grib et Vernidub) of the Kuyu-mazar reservoir. J. Ichthyol., 8, 74-80.

Apaydin Yagci, M., Yilmaz, S., Yazicioglu, O., & Polat, N. (2015). The zooplankton composition of Lake Ladik (Samsun, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39: 652-659.

Baghel, R. S., Banafar, A. S., & Toppo, D. (2019). Food and feeding habits of Channa punctatus (Bloch) from water bodies of Surguja of district Chhattisgarh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 7(6), 12-15.

Berg, J. (1979). Discussion of methods of investigating the food of fishes, with reference to a preliminary study of the food of Gobiusculus flavescens (Gobiidae). Marine Biology, 50: 263-273.

Biró, P., Sadek, E.S., & Paulovits, G. (1991). The Food of Bream (Abramis brama L.) in Two Basins of Lake Balaton of Different Trophic Status. Hydrobiologia 209, 51-58.

Bulut H, Saler S (2013). Ladik Gölü (Samsun) zooplanktonu üzerine ilk gözlemler. SÜMDER 51: 74–78.

Cowx, I.G. (1983). The Biology of Bream, Abramis brama (L.), and Its Natural Hybrid with Roach, Rutilus rutilus (L.), in River Exe. Journal of Fish Biology. 22: 631-646.

Golikatte, R.G., & Bhat, G. (2011). Food and Feeding Habits of the Whipfin Silver Biddy Gerres FIlamentosus from Sharavati estuary, Central West Coast of India. World Journal of Science and Technology, 1(2): 29-33.

Hartley, P.H.T (1947). The natural history of some British freshwater fishes. Proc. Zool. Soc. 117, 129-206.

Hynes, H. B. N. (1950). The food of freshwater stacle backs Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygesteus pungitus, with a review of methods used in studies of the food of fishes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 19, 36-58.

Hyslop, E. J. (1980). Stomach Contents Analysis-A Rewiew of Methods and Their Application. Journal of Fish Biology, 17, 411-429.

Kakareko, T. (2001). The Diet, Growth and Condition of Common Bream, Abramis brama (L.) in Włocławek Reservoir. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria 31, 2: 37-53.

Kakareko, T. (2002). The Importance of Benthic Fauna in The Diet of Small Common Bream, Abramis brama (L.), Roach Rutilus rutilus (L.), Pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) and Ruffe Gymnocephalus cernuus (L.) in The Włocławek Reservoir. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 10(2), 221-231.

Kangur, K., Kangur. A., & Kangur, P. A. (1999). Comparative Study on The Feding of Ell, Anguilla anguilla (L.), Bream, Abramis brama (L.) and Ruffe, Gymnocephalus cernuus (L.) in Lake Võrtsjärv, Estonia. Hydrobiologia, 408, 65-72.

Okgerman, H.C., Yardimci, C. H., Dorak, Z., & Yilmaz, N. (2013). Feeding ecology of vimba (Vimba vimba L., 1758) in terms of size groups and seasons in Lake Sapanca, northwestern Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 37(3), 288-297.

Otieno, O.N., Kitaka, N., & Njiru, J.M. (2014). Length-weight relationship, condition factor, length at first maturity and sex ratio of Nile tilapia, O. niloticus in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2(2), 67–72

Persson, A., & Hansson, L.A. (199). Diet Shift in Fish Following Competitive Release. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56(1),70-78.

Pinkas L., Oliphant M. S., & Iverson I. L. K. (1971). Food Habits of Albacore, Bluefin Tuna, and Bonito in California Waters, Fish Bulletin, 152, 1-105.

Prejs, A. (1973). Experimentally increased fish stock in the pond type Lake Warniak. IV. Feeding introduced and autochtonous non-predatory fish. Ekologia. Polska., 21, 465-505.

Shalloof, K. SH., & Khalifa, N. (2009). Stomach Contents and Feeding of Oreochromis niloticus (L.) from Abu-Zabal Lakes, Egypt. World Applied Sciences Journal, 6(1), 01-05.

Speczià, A., Bìró, P., & Tölg, L. (1998). Feeding and Competition of Five Cyprinid Fishes in Different Habitats of the Lake Balaton Littoral Zone, Hungary. Italian Journal of Zoology, 65:sup1, 331-336,

Türker, H. (2006). The feeding habits and assimilation efficiencies of three Cyprinid species in Lake Gölköy (Bolu-Turkey). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Eğirdir Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 2(1), 37-45.

Voigtlander, C. W., & Wissing, T. E. (1974). Food habits of young and yearling white bass Morone chrysops (Rafmesque) in Lake Mendota, Wisconsin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 103, 25-31.

Wielgosz, S., & Tadajewska, M. (1988). Factors Determining Diet Composition and Food Availability For Bream, Abramis brama (L.), and White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L.) in Włocławek Dam Reservoir. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria. 18, 1: 79-100.

Wolnomiejski, N., & Grygiel, I. (2002). Food of Common Bream (Abramis brama L.) in The Szczecin Lagoon (Great Lagoon). Bulletin of the Sea Fisheries Institute 1, 155: 61-68.

Yazici, R., Yazicioğlu, O., Yilmaz, S., & Polat, N. (2022). Food composition and feeding strategies of an invasive species, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) inhabiting a eutrophic lake in Middle Black Sea region. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 69(2): 48-55.

Yazıcıoğlu O., Polat N., & Yilmaz S. (2018). Feeding biology of pike, Esox lucius L., 1758 inhabiting Lake Ladik, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18: 1215-1226.

Yazıcıoğlu, O. (2019). Morphometric relationships for mouth dimensions and predator-prey size relationships in European perch, Perca fluviatilis L., 1758 inhabiting Lake Ladik, Samsun, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28 (7): 5163-5168.

Yazıcıoğlu, O., Yılmaz, S., Yazıcı, R., Erbaşaran, M., & Polat, N. (2016). Feeding Ecology and Prey Selection of European perch, Perca fluviatilis Inhabiting a Eutrophic Lake in Northern Turkey. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 31(4), 641-651.

Yazıcıoğlu, O., Yılmaz, S., Yazıcı, R., Yılmaz, M., & Polat, N. (2017). Food Items and Feeding Habits of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (Linnaeus, 1758) Inhabiting Lake Ladik (Samsun, Turkey). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17: 371-378.

Yılmaz, S., Erbaşaran, M., Yazıcıoğlu, O., & Polat, N. (2015). Ladik Gölü (Samsun, Türkiye)’ndeki Çapak Balığı, Abramis brama (L., 1758)’nın Yaşı, Büyümesi ve Üreme Dönemi. SDU Journal of Science (E-Journal), 10(1): 1-22.

Zapletal, T., Mareš, J., Jurajda, P., & Všetičková L. (2012). The Food of Common Bream (Abramis brama L.) in A Biomsnipulsted Water Supply Reservoir. Acta univ. silvic .Mendel Brun. LX, 6: 357-366.


  • There are currently no refbacks.